Global Migration And Domestic Policy Notes

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This is an extract of our Global Migration And Domestic Policy document, which we sell as part of our Immigration and Refugee Law Notes collection written by the top tier of University Of Ottawa students.

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PART II: GLOBAL MIGRATION AND DOMESTIC POLICY

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23 million people live outside of their country of origin (1/3 of the world's population) Reasons for travel outside of country include: geography (cost of travel, geographic limitations), economy, nature of system (ex. timelines, benefits), social advantages (health care, family networks, community), visa/entrance requirements, etc. Causal factors related to the voluntary movement of migrants: o 1) highly skilled workers o 2) demand for manual labour o 3) family reunification o 4) worker/food safety o 5) population explosion o 6) globalization o 7) students (2.8 million abroad; consider their ability to be part of the experienced class to obtain PR) Domestically, 20% of Canadians are foreign born; economic immigrants comprise most of the PR class in Canada (most from Asia and Pacific) Historically, Canada's track record is poor. Consider o Chinese Immigration Act 1885 which imposed a head tax (23 million was collected from the Chinese until 1923) o Black and Aboriginal slaves in the loyalist population (some were not given same inducements or land grants). In 1911, an Order-In-Council was passed deeming them unsuitable to the climate in Canada o Refugees by boat: Komagata Mavu IN 1914 (376 turned away), Jews on SS Louis coming from Germany (937 turned away in 1939), Tamil boats in 2009-2010 (MV Ocean Lady, MV Sun Sea) (which resulted in indefinite detention) Historically, other exclusive provisions include: criminals, alcoholics, illiteracy, illegitimacy, attempted suicide, disability and deportation as a means of silencing foreign labour agitators Today, it remains as such: Consider C-43 and the legality of detention for a year without the possibility of independent review. The legislation also denies family reunification and right to travel aboard for less than 5 years. Racism: IRPA with respect to distribution posts (s. 15 backlog claims have ensued as a result), point system (favouring young, healthy workers, right of permanent residence fee ($975), principal investor ($1050), sponsorship ($550), 81% of countries requiring visas are from the south and 19% are predominantly white, requirements producing identity documents

Forced Migration

* Causes include civil strife, persecution, laws of the land contrary to one's values, environmental migrants, development-induced displacement (ex. deforestation or mining), disaster-induced migration (ex. tsunamis, degradation, etc.)

* How they differ from voluntary migrants: o Choice of destination out of necessity o Many go to developing countries due to proximity o Some may be subject to life in refugee camps which have serious constraints (Ex. UNHCR capacities) o Reliance on goodwill countries o Can be sent home if conditions in country of origin change

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